MoTSE: An Interpretable Task Similarity Estimator for Small Molecular Property Prediction Tasks

Han Li, Xinyi Zhao, Shuya Li, Fangping Wan, Dan Zhao*, and Jianyang Zeng*

 

Deeply understanding the properties (e.g., chemical or biological characteristics) of small molecules plays an essential role in drug development. A large number of molecular property datasets have been rapidly accumulated in recent years. However, most of these datasets contain only a limited amount of data, which hinders deep learning methods from making accurate predictions of the corresponding molecular properties. In this work, we propose a transfer learning strategy to alleviate such a data scarcity problem by exploiting the similarity between molecular property prediction tasks. We introduce an effective and interpretable computational framework, named MoTSE (Molecular Tasks Similarity Estimator), to provide an accurate estimation of task similarity. Comprehensive tests demonstrated that the task similarity derived from MoTSE can serve as useful guidance to improve the prediction performance of transfer learning on molecular properties. We also showed that MoTSE can capture the intrinsic relationships between molecular properties and provide meaningful interpretability for the derived similarity.

 

Source:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.isci.2022.105231

2021-05-06 03:25
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